Quilters have been recycling since the first person put layers of cloth together to make a warm covering. And quilters were stitching fabric bags to carry things way before it was "cool!"
In honor of Earth Day 2014, here is a tutorial to make a basic tote, or "market" bag. The fabric is from Timeless Treasures and is part of a line of "save the Earth" fabrics. The lining is recycled quilt backing.
1. Cut out the pieces
I used fat quarters for the outside of my bag, so that determined the size. I squared up the fat quarter to the largest possible size, which turns out to be about 21" X 23" -- you can make your bag any size you like!
Cut the lining to the same size.
The size of the bag handles was determined by the amount of fabric I had left. So they were cut 4.5" by about 15" -- again, you are the boss of your bag, make them the length you like! I don't like shoulder bags, so if you do, you may want to make your handles a bit longer.
2. Make the handles.
Press each handle in half lengthwise. I made a white chalk mark just so you could see where the center pressing line is -- you don't need to do that.
Fold each lengthwise side to the center line and press.
Then press the handle in half lengthwise again. Your handle will be four layers of fabric thick, plenty for light use. If you want a stronger handle, interline it with batting, interfacing, or fusible fleece.
Topstitch each long edge of both handles, stitching as close to the edge as you are comfortable sewing.
Mark the center of the top of the bag with chalk, or a pin. Then pin the handles in place on the lining pieces with the raw edges flush and the handle toward the bottom of the bag.
See how I have them lined up on my cutting mat so the edges of the handles are the same distance apart on the front and back of the bag lining?
Baste the handles in place.
3. Stitch the bag pieces.
Next, pin the front and back of the lining right-sides together. Stitch down each side seam and partway across the bottom. Leave an opening about 6" wide in the bottom seam.
I use red pins to signal "stop stitching here" so I remember to leave an opening in the bottom seam. This will be where I turn the bag right-side-out when the lining and the outside is sewn together.
Repeat for the outer layers -- but this time, stitch down each side and all the way across the bottom.
Turn the outside of the bag right-side-out and tuck it inside the lining. Right sides of the bag and the lining will be facing each other. Pin all the way around the top.
I like to push the seam allowances in opposing directions to reduce bulk along the top seam:
Be sure you don't catch the handles in your stitching.
This is another decision point. How wide do you want the bottom of your bag? I measured an existing market bag and determined that each box corner should be about 3" deep.
Draw a square 3" from the bottom outside corner seams. Repeat on each side of each bottom corner of the outer bag and the lining -- you'll be drawing 8 squares.
To form the "box," pull the layers apart and match the vertical seams as best you can. Stab a pin through the box at the seam line:
And flip to the back side to see that the layers are matched up.
Once you have the vertical seams lined up, pin across the box marking:
And stitch along that line. Back-tack the stitching at the beginning and end of the stitching line.
Trim the seam to about 1/4" to 1/2" inch -- use a scissors or a ruler and rotary cutter.
5. Turn the bag!
Now you're ready to turn your bag right-side out. Remember that opening we left in the bottom of the lining? Reach through it and grab the outside layers of the bag. Pull them through and use your fingers to push out the corners of the bag and lining.
Press the top edge, making the edges as flush with each other as you can. Edgestitch along the top edge, then again about 1/4" down from that stitching line.
The last step is to close the opening in the bottom seam of the lining. Press the seam allowance to the wrong side:
And edge stitch along the opening:
I like to press along the front and back bottom between the "box corners." I just think it makes the bag look more "finished!"
Here is my dress form, Esmerelda, modeling my Earth Day market bag, front:
Updating post to link up to Show and Tell Tuesday at i have to say.
Now that I've made this super-simple tote, I'm ready to try a really nice one. The tutorial I'll be using is on The Inspired Wren blog, here. Come back next week to see how it turns out!
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